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Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Dezful University of Medical Sciences

The Effect of Educational Intervention based on PEN-3 Model Constructs on Diabetic Preventive Behaviors in Pre-diabetic Women in Iran: A Field Trial Study

(2021) The Effect of Educational Intervention based on PEN-3 Model Constructs on Diabetic Preventive Behaviors in Pre-diabetic Women in Iran: A Field Trial Study. Pakistan Journal of Medical & Health Sciences. pp. 1060-1068. ISSN 1996-7195

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Official URL: <Go to ISI>://WOS:000652738900035

Abstract

Background: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of educational intervention based on PEN-3 Model Constructs on diabetic preventive behaviors in pre-diabetic women in Iran. Methods: The present study was a field trial study was conducted on 200 pre-diabetic women referred to health centers of Dezful city (Iran) during 2018 (intervention group, n= 100; control group, n= 100). A questionnaire based on PEN-3 model as well as Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile (HPLP-II) questionnaire were used for data collection. The intervention group received training on diabetes prevention behaviors (nutritional functions and physical activity) in 8 face-to-face sessions. The control group did not receive any intervention. Three months after the intervention, data were collected again in both groups and analyzed by SPSS 24. Results: The mean of weight, BMI, FBS and HbA1c in the intervention group were significantly lower than the control group after educational intervention (P-Value<0.05). The mean of the PEN-3 Model Constructs in the intervention group were significantly higher than the control group after educational intervention for nutritional behavior and physical activity (P-Value<0.05). The scores of knowledge as a perceptual dimension was a significant predictor for the score of the preventive behaviors (beta=0.39), nutritional behaviors (beta=0.24) and physical activity (beta=0.29) Conclusions: The educational intervention based on the PEN -3 model can be effective in increasing the level of perceptual (knowledge and attitude), enablers (structural factors), and nurturers (social factors) in pre-diabetic women and reduce the level of negative pattern structures and lead to improved diabetes preventive behaviors.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Educational Intervention PEN -3 model pre-diabetic women diabetic preventive behaviors Iran randomized controlled-trial life-style nutritional education metabolic-control type-2 health mellitus program knowledge people General & Internal Medicine
Page Range: pp. 1060-1068
Journal or Publication Title: Pakistan Journal of Medical & Health Sciences
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 15
Number: 3
ISSN: 1996-7195
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.dums.ac.ir/id/eprint/806

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