Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Dezful University of Medical Sciences

Geographical distribution of Anthrax using Geographic Information System (GIS) during 2010-2015 in Iran

(2021) Geographical distribution of Anthrax using Geographic Information System (GIS) during 2010-2015 in Iran. Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran. pp. 1-6. ISSN 10161430 (ISSN)

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Official URL: https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2....

Abstract

Background: Anthrax is a zoonotic infectious disease that is still considered as a health problem in developing countries. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the incidence and geographical distribution of anthrax using the Geographic Information System (GIS) and predict its incidence in Iran in 2021. Methods: This study is descriptive analytical study. Information on anthrax was obtained from the Center for Communicable Diseases Control during 2010-2015. In the next step, ArcGIS 9.3 was used to prepare geographic maps of the disease incidence and frequency. Therefore, using the Raster Calculator tool, the disease prediction map was drawn. Results: The highest incidence of anthrax during 2010-2015 was observed in the provinces of Kurdistan, North Khorasan, and Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari, respectively. The trend of the incidence of anthrax in Iran had increased from 2010 to 2013, while its incidence decreased in 2014. Based on the results of modeling in Iran, the provinces of Kurdistan, West Azarbaijan, Tehran, and Zanjan, respectively, with 37.16, 33.83, 16.78, and 10.49 of their area (km2) had the highest risk of anthrax disease in the country in the year 2021. Conclusion: Since the provinces of Kurdistan, West Azerbaijan, Tehran, and Zanjan are among the high-risk areas in the country in the coming years, the cooperation between the veterinary organization and the health care system and the vaccination of livestock in these areas can significantly help to control and prevent the disease. Copyright© Iran University of Medical Sciences

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Anthrax GIS Iran Prediction of the Incidence
Subjects: WA Public Health > WA 300-395 Health Issues of Special Population Groups
WC Communicable Diseases > WC 195-425 Infection. Bacterial Infections
Divisions: Education Vice-Chancellor Department > Faculty of Health > Department of Epidemiology
Page Range: pp. 1-6
Journal or Publication Title: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Journal Index: Scopus
Volume: 35
Number: 1
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.34171/mjiri.35.36
ISSN: 10161430 (ISSN)
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.dums.ac.ir/id/eprint/772

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