Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Dezful University of Medical Sciences

Household food insecurity and health-related quality of life in an urban adult population in Iran

(2020) Household food insecurity and health-related quality of life in an urban adult population in Iran. Current Nutrition and Food Science. pp. 381-390. ISSN 15734013 (ISSN)

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Official URL: https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2....

Abstract

Background: The relationship between food insecurity and mental and physical components of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) has been less addressed by healthcare professionals. Objective: We aimed to investigate the relationship between household food insecurity and mental and physical components of HRQOL in a large sample of urban people and to determine whether household food insecurity has a negative effect on mental and physical components of HRQOL. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted across twenty-two districts of Tehran (capital of Iran) during 2011. The participants were selected through multistage cluster random sampling. Two questionnaires were used to measure household food insecurity and HRQOL in the study population, while descriptive and inferential statistics were applied to test the relationships between these two pa-rameters. Results: The mean age of the study population was 44.5 ± 15.5 years and most were female (64.8). The results of this study indicated an independent relationship between household food insecurity and different subscales of HRQOL (p<0.001). Household food insecurity had a significant negative relationship with physical (β=-5.93; p<0.001) and mental (β=-6.54; p<0.001) summary scores of HRQOL. Likewise, average scores on all subscales of HRQOL according to household food security status were significantly different (p<0.001). Conclusion: Food insecurity was associated with mental and physical components of HRQOL among urban participants and can be considered as a part of comprehensive interventions that target to improve general health. © 2020 Bentham Science Publishers.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Food insecurity Health-related quality of life Household Iran Tehran Urban adult article controlled study cross-sectional study female food security human human experiment human tissue inferential statistics quality of life questionnaire
Subjects: W General Medicine. Health Professions > W 84-85.5 Health Services. Patients and Patient Advocacy
WA Public Health > WA 108-245 Preventive Medicine
WA Public Health > WA 525-590 Health Administration and Organization
WY Nursing > WY 191-200 Other Services
Divisions: Education Vice-Chancellor Department > Faculty of Health > Department of Public health
Page Range: pp. 381-390
Journal or Publication Title: Current Nutrition and Food Science
Journal Index: Scopus
Volume: 16
Number: 3
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.2174/1573401315666191114142121
ISSN: 15734013 (ISSN)
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.dums.ac.ir/id/eprint/654

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