Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Dezful University of Medical Sciences

Common types and methods of drug usage in Iran: A systematic review and meta-analysis

(2020) Common types and methods of drug usage in Iran: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology. pp. 207-212. ISSN 09739122 (ISSN)

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Official URL: https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2....

Abstract

Introduction: Drug usage is a prevalent social and health problem in most countries. The highest prevalence of drug abuse has been reported among people aged 30-40 years old. The purpose of this study was to determination of the types of drugs and the methods of drug usage in Iran in a systematic and meta-analysis study. Methods: This study was performed based on the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. Databases ofSID, Iran Doc, ISI, Cochrane library, Science direct, PubMed/Medline, and Scopus were independently searched by two researchers using MeSH keywords. Articles published between 2004 and 2018 were recruited.Data was analyzed using random effectsmodel using STATA-SE12 software. Heterogeneity among studies was investigated using, T2 and I2statistical indices. Results: Initial search retrieved 90 articles from which 7 articles with desirable quality were finally analyzed. Opium was the most common in used narcotic50 (95 CI: 35-66) followed by opium extract44(95 CI: 5-83), and heroin 19(95 CI: 12-26). Using more than one narcotic was observed in 9 (95 CI: 4-15). The inhalation was the most common method of usage72 (95 CI: 61-83) followed by oral consumption 32(95 CI: 9-54) and injection 14( 95 CI: 05-24). Conclusion: Drug abuseis a common phenomenon in Iran. It is amenable to reduce the tendency to using drugs by providing appropriate training, informing the risks of drug abuse, and identifying and educating high-risk groups. © 2020, Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Drug usage Iran Meta-analysis narcotic agent opiate Article dispersity drug use human meta analysis prevalence systematic review training
Subjects: QV Pharmacology > QV 600-666 Toxicology
Divisions: Education Vice-Chancellor Department > Faculty of Health > Department of Epidemiology
Page Range: pp. 207-212
Journal or Publication Title: Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology
Journal Index: Scopus
Volume: 14
Number: 1
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.37506/v14/i1/2020/ijfmt/192896
ISSN: 09739122 (ISSN)
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.dums.ac.ir/id/eprint/651

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