Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Dezful University of Medical Sciences

Filarial worms: a systematic review and meta-analysis of diversity in animals from Iran with emphasis on human cases

(2020) Filarial worms: a systematic review and meta-analysis of diversity in animals from Iran with emphasis on human cases. Parasitology. pp. 1-13. ISSN 1469-8161 (Electronic) 0031-1820 (Linking)

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Official URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32249728

Abstract

Current systematic review and meta-analysis demonstrate the prevalence reports of filariasis in animals in Iran along with human cases. Studies were screened, relevant papers were selected and the random-effect model was used by forest plot with 95 confidence interval (CI). Of 17 records of human case-reports, particularly from Khuzestan province (5 cases), Dirofilaria repens was the most detected parasite (10 cases) with higher involvement of the right eye (7 cases) than other organs. Eleven animal species were reported to be parasitised by filarioids in Iran. The prevalence of Dirofilaria immitis in canids was 14.69 (95 CI: 10.33-19.67), with highest rates (20.92; 95 CI: 13.84-29.03) in free-ranging dogs. Male (10.07; 95 CI: 5.10-16.47) and more than 1-year old (20.77; 95 CI: 8.66-36.42) dogs were more likely to be found infected. The frequency of other filarioids of zoonotic interest was: Acanthocheilonema reconditum in dogs 2.15 (95 CI: 0.71-4.33), Dipetalonema evansi in camels 10.16 (95 CI: 4.73-17.34), Onchocerca cervicalis in horses 3.63 (95 CI: 1.44-6.75) and Onchocerca fasciata 16.57 (95 CI: 10.12-24.24) in camels. Still, our knowledge on parasitic filariae in Iran is limited and more investigation is needed in both human and animal populations.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Diversity Filarioids Iran meta-analysis systematic review
Subjects: QX Parasitology > QX 200-451 Helminths. Annelida
Divisions: Education Vice-Chancellor Department > Faculty of Medicine > Department of Basic Science > Department of Parasitology and Mycology
Page Range: pp. 1-13
Journal or Publication Title: Parasitology
Journal Index: Pubmed
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1017/S003118202000058X
ISSN: 1469-8161 (Electronic) 0031-1820 (Linking)
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.dums.ac.ir/id/eprint/648

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