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Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Dezful University of Medical Sciences

GLOBAL Leukemia in Children 0-14 Statistics 2018, Incidence and Mortality and Human Development Index (HDI): GLOBOCAN Sources and Methods

(2020) GLOBAL Leukemia in Children 0-14 Statistics 2018, Incidence and Mortality and Human Development Index (HDI): GLOBOCAN Sources and Methods. Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention : APJCP. pp. 1487-1494. ISSN 2476-762X (Electronic) 1513-7368 (Linking)

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Official URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32458660

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Cancer is the second leading cause of death in children under 15 and leukemia is the most common type of cancer in this age group. The aim of the present study is to investigate the incidence and mortality of leukemia in children aged 0-14 years and its relationship with Human Development Index (HDI in different countries of the world. Methods: Incidence and mortality rates were obtained from GLOBOCAN and Country's income from World Bank. The data analysis was conducted using correlation analysis. The association of incidence and mortality rates with HDI was investigated using linear regression models. RESULTS: The results revealed a significant positive correlation between the incidence rate and Gross National Income per capita (r = 0.464, P <0.0001), mean years of schooling (r = 0.566, P <0.0001), life expectancy at birth (r = 0.712, P <0.0001) and expected years of schooling (r = 0.604, P <0.0001). The results also demonstrated a positive and significant correlation between mortality rate and life expectancy at birth (r = 0.199, P <0.0001). An improvement in HDI Beta = 7.7, CI95% (0.1, 15.3) and life Expectancy at birth Beta = 0.1, CI95% (0.03, 0.1) caused a significantly rise in the incidence of leukemia. Moreover, the improved HDI Beta = 6.2, CI95% (1.9, 10.5) was associated with increased mean years of schooling Beta = -0.1, CI95% (-0.2, -0.01) and expected years of schooling Beta = -0.1, CI95% (-0.3, -0.08). CONCLUSION: As the HDI increases, incidence and mortality from of leukemia increases indicating a change in factors that affects leukemia incidences.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: GLOBAL Incidence Human Development Index Leukemia children mortality
Subjects: QZ Pathology > QZ 200-380 Neoplasms
WS Pediatrics > WS 200-342 Diseases of Children and Adolescents
Divisions: Education Vice-Chancellor Department > Faculty of Health > Department of Epidemiology
Page Range: pp. 1487-1494
Journal or Publication Title: Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention : APJCP
Journal Index: Pubmed
Volume: 21
Number: 5
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.31557/APJCP.2020.21.5.1487
ISSN: 2476-762X (Electronic) 1513-7368 (Linking)
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.dums.ac.ir/id/eprint/643

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