Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Dezful University of Medical Sciences

Epidemiological Prevalence of Pediculosis and its Influencing Factors in Iranian Schools: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

(2020) Epidemiological Prevalence of Pediculosis and its Influencing Factors in Iranian Schools: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. p. 6. ISSN 2249-782X

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Abstract

Introduction: Pediculosis is an endemic parasitic infestation in many countries of the world. Iran is one of the countries with a high rate of pediculosis. Aim: To investigate the prevalence and factors associated with pediculosis in primary school students of Iran. Materials and Methods: The literature search was carried out by two researchers on national databases including: SID, Iranmedex, Magiran, Irandoc and international database including: Scopus, Pubmed and Web of Science to find relevant articles between 2000 and 2016. The search strategy was performed using keywords such as: "epidemiology", "prevalence", "infestation", "head louse", "head lice", "Pediculus humans capitis", "pediculosis", "primary school students", "primary students", "school children", and "Iran", as well as their Farsi equivalents. In this study, a random effects model and a fixed effect model were used. To test heterogeneity, the Q-Cochran test was used at an error level of less than 10 and the quantity was estimated by I-2. The Begg Rank Correlation Test and Eggers Regression Method were used to measure the publication bias. Results: The results showed that 428,993 students were studied in 55 papers between 2000 and 2016 and the prevalence of head louse (Pediculosis human capitis) was 6.4 (95 CI: 6-6.9). The prevalence of lice (pediculosis) infestation among girls was 6.1 (95 CI: 4.6-7.4) and in boys was 1.2 (95 CI: 0.8-1.7) and in rural areas prevalence was more than urban areas. Conclusion: The results of this study demonstrated a high incidence of pediculosis among rural school-girls. It is recommended that, creating awareness among this population is required, especially schools that do not have a health teacher. Large families, having low education among parents, must be educated about the condition and its prevention.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Head lice Infestation Primary students head lice infestation risk-factors capitis children schoolchildren province city students hamadan areas General & Internal Medicine
Subjects: QX Parasitology > QX 1-45 Parasitology
Divisions: Education Vice-Chancellor Department > Faculty of Health > Department of Epidemiology
Page Range: p. 6
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 14
Number: 2
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.7860/jcdr/2020/43085.13472
ISSN: 2249-782X
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.dums.ac.ir/id/eprint/635

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