Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Dezful University of Medical Sciences

Global and regional burden of disease and injury in 2016 arising from occupational exposures: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016

(2020) Global and regional burden of disease and injury in 2016 arising from occupational exposures: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016. Occupational and Environmental Medicine. pp. 133-141. ISSN 1351-0711

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Abstract

Objectives This study provides an overview of the influence of occupational risk factors on the global burden of disease as estimated by the occupational component of the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2016 study. Methods The GBD 2016 study estimated the burden in terms of deaths and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) arising from the effects of occupational risk factors (carcinogens; asthmagens; particulate matter, gases and fumes (PMGF); secondhand smoke (SHS); noise; ergonomic risk factors for low back pain; risk factors for injury). A population attributable fraction (PAF) approach was used for most risk factors. Results In 2016, globally, an estimated 1.53 (95 uncertainty interval 1.39-1.68) million deaths and 76.1 (66.3-86.3) million DALYs were attributable to the included occupational risk factors, accounting for 2.8 of deaths and 3.2 of DALYs from all causes. Most deaths were attributable to PMGF, carcinogens (particularly asbestos), injury risk factors and SHS. Most DALYs were attributable to injury risk factors and ergonomic exposures. Men and persons 55 years or older were most affected. PAFs ranged from 26.8 for low back pain from ergonomic risk factors and 19.6 for hearing loss from noise to 3.4 for carcinogens. DALYs per capita were highest in Oceania, Southeast Asia and Central sub-Saharan Africa. On a per capita basis, between 1990 and 2016 there was an overall decrease of about 31 in deaths and 25 in DALYs. Conclusions Occupational exposures continue to cause an important health burden worldwide, justifying the need for ongoing prevention and control initiatives.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: comparative risk-assessment metabolic risks clusters trends countries Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
Subjects: W General Medicine. Health Professions > W 322-323 Social Welfare through Medicine
WA Public Health > WA 400-495 Occupational Medicine, Health, and Hygiene
Divisions: Education Vice-Chancellor Department > Faculty of Medicine > Departments of Clinical Sciences > Department of Social Medicine
Page Range: pp. 133-141
Journal or Publication Title: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 77
Number: 3
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2019-106008
ISSN: 1351-0711
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.dums.ac.ir/id/eprint/634

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