Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Dezful University of Medical Sciences

A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Toxocariasis in Iran: Is it Time to Take it Seriously?

(2020) A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Toxocariasis in Iran: Is it Time to Take it Seriously? Acta Parasitologica. p. 16. ISSN 1230-2821

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Abstract

Background Toxocariasis is one of the neglected zoonosis with considerable public health importance around the world. The current study aimed to elucidate the overall prevalence of Toxocara infection in human and definitive hosts and also the contamination of soil and raw vegetables with the ova of these parasites, in Iran, using systematic review and meta-analysis. Methods Six English and Persian databases were explored from 2000 to 2017 using the terms toxocariasis, Toxocara spp., visceral larva migrans, Iran, epidemiology, and prevalence. This meta-analysis conducted using STATA, and for all statistical tests, a p value less than 0.05 was considered significant. The random-effects model was used to the report of the pooled prevalence with a 95 confidence interval (CI). Results The pooled prevalence of toxocariasis in human was calculated as 11 (95 CI 8-13). In terms of definitive hosts, the pooled prevalence of Toxocara infection in dogs and cats were calculated as 17 (95 CI 14-20) and 37 (95 CI 26-48), respectively. Also, the pooled prevalence of Toxocara spp. eggs in the soil and raw vegetable samples were calculated as 18 (95 CI 13-23) and 2 (95 CI 1-3), respectively. Conclusions The results of current study demonstrate that toxocariasis should be taken more seriously by health authorities. Implementing an appropriate control program is necessary to reduce the incidence of this disease in Iran.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Toxocara Systematic review Meta-analysis Iran zoonotic intestinal parasites khorasan razavi province stray cats gastrointestinal parasites public parks spp. eggs canis infection raw vegetables helminth eggs azerbaijan province Parasitology
Subjects: WC Communicable Diseases > WC 680-950 Tropical and Parasitic Diseases
Divisions: Education Vice-Chancellor Department > Faculty of Medicine > Department of Basic Science > Department of Parasitology and Mycology
Page Range: p. 16
Journal or Publication Title: Acta Parasitologica
Journal Index: ISI
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11686-020-00195-1
ISSN: 1230-2821
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.dums.ac.ir/id/eprint/630

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