Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Dezful University of Medical Sciences

Pharmacological evidence for the involvement of the opioid system in the antidepressant-like effect of simvastatin in mice: Without tolerance and withdrawal syndrome

(2020) Pharmacological evidence for the involvement of the opioid system in the antidepressant-like effect of simvastatin in mice: Without tolerance and withdrawal syndrome. Neuroscience Letters. p. 6. ISSN 0304-3940

[img] Text
1-s2.0-S0304394019306810-main.pdf

Download (1MB)

Official URL: http://apps.lib.wosg.ir/InboundService.do?Func=Fra...

Abstract

Statins, 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl co-enzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitors, have been shown to be effective in reducing depression in animal models. The present study aimed to investigate the potential antidepressant-like activity of simvastatin and the possible involvement of opioid systems in the mouse forced swimming test (FST). After assessment of locomotor behavior in the open-field test (OFT), FST was applied for evaluation of depressive behavior in mice. Simvastatin (20, 30, and 40 mg/kg, i.p.) or morphine (0.01, 0.1, 1 and 10 mg/kg, i.p.) were administrated 30 min before the OFT or FST. Results showed that simvastatin produced antidepressant effect in a dose-dependent manner. The effect of simvastatin (30 mg/kg) was prevented by the pre-treatment of mice with naloxone (1 mg/kg, i.p., a nonselective opioid receptor antagonist). In addition, a sub-effective dose of simvastatin (20 mg/kg) produced a synergistic antidepressant-like effect in the FST with a sub-effective dose of morphine (0.1 mg/kg) that it was reversed by naloxone. Moreover, in contrast to morphine, treatment with simvastatin for six days induced neither tolerance to the antidepressant-like effect nor withdrawal signs. In conclusion, these findings demonstrated that simvastatin elicited antidepressant-like action possibly through the stimulation of opioidergic pathways, without inducing tolerance and withdrawal signs.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Simvastatin Antidepressant-like Opioid system Tolerance Withdrawal signs Mice morphine-tolerance depression dependence analgesia buprenorphine cholesterol prevents statins injury model Neurosciences & Neurology
Subjects: QV Pharmacology > QV 120-140 Autonomic Agents. Nonmetallic Elements. Neuromuscular Agents
Divisions: Education Vice-Chancellor Department > Faculty of Pharmacy > Department of Toxicology and Pharmacology
Page Range: p. 6
Journal or Publication Title: Neuroscience Letters
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 714
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neulet.2019.134578
ISSN: 0304-3940
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.dums.ac.ir/id/eprint/574

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item