Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Dezful University of Medical Sciences

Hematological and liver toxicity of anti-tuberculosis drugs

(2016) Hematological and liver toxicity of anti-tuberculosis drugs. Electronic physician. pp. 3005-3010. ISSN 2008-5842 (Print) 2008-5842 (Linking)

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INTRODUCTION: Tuberculosis (TB) is a major global health problem, and anti-tuberculosis drugs can cause severe adverse reactions. The aim of this study was to determine hematological and biochemical changes and associated risk factors in smear positive pulmonary tuberculosis patients undergoing treatment with standard protocols. METHODS: In a descriptive study, a total of 40 tuberculosis patients aged between 15-60 years were collected from hospitals in Khuzestan Province (Iran) from March 2013 to March 2014. The patients were treated with drugs (isoniazid, rifampicin, ethambutol, and pyrazinamide) during the initial two months, followed by isoniazid and rifampicin for the next four to six months. Activities of liver enzymes (ALT, AST, and ALP) and hematological parameters were recorded before and after treatment. Data were analyzed using paired samples t-test and Wilcoxon test by SPSS 16. RESULTS: After using drug treatments, hematological parameters (RBC, Hb, HCT, MCV, MCH, and MCHC), except platelet count, were changed significantly (p </= 0.001). Liver enzyme activities (ALT, AST, and ALP) were decreased significantly (p </= 0.001) after treatment. CONCLUSION: In this study, changes of hematological and biochemical parameters have been observed in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis. It can be concluded that the anti-tuberculosis treatment is associated with changes of hematological parameters and liver enzymes.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Hematological parameters Isoniazid Khuzestan Liver enzymes Tuberculosis
Page Range: pp. 3005-3010
Journal or Publication Title: Electronic physician
Journal Index: Pubmed
Volume: 8
Number: 9
Identification Number:
ISSN: 2008-5842 (Print) 2008-5842 (Linking)
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی

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