Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Dezful University of Medical Sciences

Avoidable Burden of Risk Factors for Serious Road Traffic Crashes in Iran: A Modeling Study

(2017) Avoidable Burden of Risk Factors for Serious Road Traffic Crashes in Iran: A Modeling Study. Journal of preventive medicine and public health = Yebang Uihakhoe chi. pp. 83-90. ISSN 2233-4521 (Electronic) 1975-8375 (Linking)

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Official URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28372352

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to model the avoidable burden of the risk factors of road traffic crashes in Iran and to prioritize interventions to reduce that burden. METHODS: The prevalence and the effect size of the risk factors were obtained from data documented by the traffic police of Iran in 2013. The effect size was estimated using an ordinal regression model. The potential impact fraction index was applied to calculate the avoidable burden in order to prioritize interventions. This index was calculated for theoretical, plausible, and feasible minimum risk level scenarios. The joint effects of the risk factors were then estimated for all the scenarios. RESULTS: The highest avoidable burdens in the theoretical, plausible, and feasible minimum risk level scenarios for the non-use of child restraints on urban roads were 52.25, 28.63, and 46.67, respectively. In contrast, the value of this index for speeding was 76.24, 37.00, and 62.23, respectively, for rural roads. CONCLUSIONS: On the basis of the different scenarios considered in this research, we suggest focusing on future interventions to decrease the prevalence of speeding, the non-use of child restraints, the use of cell phones while driving, and helmet disuse, and the laws related to these items should be considered seriously.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Accidents, Traffic/*statistics & numerical data Adult Cost of Illness Driving Under the Influence/statistics & numerical data Female Humans Iran/epidemiology Male Middle Aged *Models, Theoretical Odds Ratio Prevalence Risk Factors Human Iran Traffic accidents
Page Range: pp. 83-90
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of preventive medicine and public health = Yebang Uihakhoe chi
Journal Index: Pubmed
Volume: 50
Number: 2
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.16.085
ISSN: 2233-4521 (Electronic) 1975-8375 (Linking)
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.dums.ac.ir/id/eprint/393

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