Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Dezful University of Medical Sciences

Prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus and tuberculosis among homeless individuals

(2018) Prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus and tuberculosis among homeless individuals. Immunopathologia Persa. p. 4. ISSN 2423-8015

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Introduction: Human immunodeficiency virus infection / acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) and tuberculosis are the most important communicable diseases in vulnerable populations. Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis among homeless individuals in Shiraz, Iran. Patients and Methods: This is a cross-sectional study which was carried out on 589 homeless men and women in Shiraz city in 2014. The data collection tool was a structurally standard questionnaire. After filling questionnaire, ELISA test was taken each person. If the results of the ELISA test were positive, then, a complementary Western blot test was conducted for HIV. Accordingly a PPD was conducted for individuals suspected to tuberculosis. Data were analyzed by ANOVA and student t test. Results: HIV prevalence in this population was 7.6. Around 8.88 of HIV positive cases were men. Around 2.37 of the cases had an experience of drug injection. The difference between cases with positive test of HIV in drug users and those who did not use drugs was statically significant (P < 0.05). Around 34.7 of men had experienced of sex with other mes (MSM). Conclusion: In this study, prevalence of HIV in participants was 7.6, therefore much more attention needs to be paid to the health of homeless people.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Acquired immune deficiency syndrome Tuberculosis Homeless Human immunodeficiency virus risk-factors hiv-infection drug-users mortality africa people health iran Immunology
Subjects: QW Microbiology and Immunology > QW 1-300 Microbiology
Divisions: Education Vice-Chancellor Department > Faculty of Health > Department of Epidemiology
Page Range: p. 4
Journal or Publication Title: Immunopathologia Persa
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 4
Number: 1
Identification Number:
ISSN: 2423-8015
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی

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